Keratoconus and Eyesight

March 1, 2019 2:44 pm Published by Leave your thoughts

“I’ve been working too hard lately” or “I’m sure it’s just too much late-night reading in bed” are excuses people often use when they are trying to ignore an ongoing problem with their eyesight. Our eyes are powerful, but just like the rest of our bodies, they are susceptible to damage, illness and wear. While there’s a chance you may just be working too hard or reading too much in poor light, there’s an equal and much more dangerous chance that your eyes are trying to tell you that something’s seriously wrong.

At Price Family Eye Care Professionals LLC, your local practice for family eye care in Chillicothe, OH, we believe that educating people on eye health and symptoms to watch out for is the best way to encourage people to take better care of their eyes, which is why today we wanted to talk about keratoconus and your eyesight.

What is keratoconus?

The cornea, the transparent layer that forms the front of your eye, is normally round or curved. Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease that thins the cornea, causing it to bulge into a cone-like shape. If it helps, you can visualize the cornea of a healthy eye as a basketball and the cornea of a keratoconus-afflicted eye as a football. When the cornea is warped, light that enters the eye gets deflected on its way to the light-sensitive retina, the part of the eye that creates the “picture” of what you see. When the light is deflected, the retina creates a distorted picture.

What are the symptoms?

Because keratoconus is a progressive disease, symptoms in the earliest stages are minimal. Most individuals experience slightly blurred or distorted vision, as well as sensitivity to light and glare. These symptoms usually occur when the individual is in his/her late teens or twenties. As the disease progresses, it can cause double vision, multiple images, poor night vision and a glare or haze around lights. In some cases, the thinned cornea may develop a crack due to the strain caused by the cone-like shape, which can severely impact vision for several weeks or months as the eye heals.

How is it treated?

Unfortunately, there are no treatments that can prevent the progression of keratoconus. However, the effects caused by the disease can be remedied with glasses or contact lenses in the early stages. In later stages of the disease, glasses and contact lenses may not be able to fully correct impaired vision. However, rigid gas permeable lenses are helpful for some patients and can significantly improve vision, even in the late stages of the disease.

Whether you have already been diagnosed with keratoconus or are experiencing early symptoms of the disease, it’s important that you visit your practice for family eye care in Chillicothe, OH. Having your eyes checked regularly will ensure that contact lenses and glasses fit properly and help identify eye disease and other problems early on, so you have the best chance of correcting the issue. To schedule your next eye appointment, call Price Family Eye Care Professionals LLC today!

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