Is Poor Vision Hereditary?

September 5, 2019 8:12 pm Published by Leave your thoughts

Recently, you were informed by your eye care professional that you need to wear corrective lenses. Both of your parents wear eyeglasses, and so do your siblings and a bunch of cousins, so you’re not surprised at the news. This may lead you to wonder whether poor vision is hereditary. The answer may seem like it should be a simple “yes” or “no,” but this subject is actually rather complex. For the best understanding possible, let’s take this question to a family eye doctor in Chillicothe, OH.

Genetics and eye disease

Medical professionals continue to research the connection between genetics and eye disease. Currently, among the most common and serious types of eye diseases found in adults, doctors have determined glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration to be inherited diseases—but not in all cases. There are also reports of genetic links for other eye diseases, such as retinitis pigmentosa and strabismus.

Nearsightedness and farsightedness

Whether you wear corrective lenses or not, just about everyone is familiar with the terms “nearsightedness” and “farsightedness.” But are these common eye conditions hereditary? Do environmental factors play a role in vision issues? Here’s some information:

  • Common eye conditions: Yes, eye problems like nearsightedness and farsightedness are linked to genetics. As a matter of fact, other common eye conditions, such as myopia and hyperopia, are often passed down through blood relatives. According to other scientific reports, people who are genetically predisposed to myopia and hyperopia are up to 10 times more likely to develop these conditions. Color deficiency and color blindness can also be hereditary.
  • Environmental factors to consider: While genetics can be to blame for bad eyesight, environmental factors and certain bad habits can also cause problems with vision. For example, overexposure to harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun can cause eye conditions like macular degeneration, cataracts and even cancer of the eye. Then there’s smoking—smoking has a whole host of health risks associated with it, including vision problems. Research shows that smokers are four times more likely to go blind than non-smokers.

How to promote healthy eyes and vision

You can’t control your genetic makeup, but there are things you can do every day to promote good eyesight. For example, eating well-balanced meals filled with healthy foods, drinking plenty of water and getting an adequate amount of sleep can do a lot for your eye health. Doctors around the world recommend eating a diet rich in fresh fruits and leafy green vegetables. If you can’t get your hands on the fresh-picked stuff, don’t be shy about buying flash frozen or canned fruits and veggies. Fish can help prevent some age-related eye disorders, and staying properly hydrated can stave off dry eyes.

Talking to an eye doctor in Chillicothe, OH and getting a comprehensive eye exam is the best chance you’ve got at seeing better. Whatever eye care service you and your family may need, you can count on the team at Price Family Eye Care Professionals LLC to help. Call us anytime to schedule an appointment!

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